CSIR-Central Leather Research Institute
Dr.P Shanmugam
Sr. Principal Scientist
Academic Qualifications
    M.S.,(Civil/Envi.Engg. IIT M), M.Sc.,(Envi.Sciences)., PhD (Civil/Environmental Engineering, UK)
Contact Details
Dr.P Shanmugam
Sr. Principal Scientist

Environmental Technology
CSIR-Central Leather Research Institute
Adyar, Chennai – 600 020
e-mail: pashanmugam@yahoo.com,
Phone:91 - 44- 24437211


Qualification
 

Ph.D on Hydrogen and methane generation from the phase separated anaerobic co-digestion of leather fleshing with MSW from School of Civil Engineering, University of Leeds, United Kingdom on Commonwealth Fellowship. 2005 - 2009

M.S., Civil/ Environmental Engineering, Department of Civil Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology, Madras, Chennai, India, 2002 – 2005.

M.Sc Environmental Sciences, (Specialization on Industrial Pollution and control) Bishop Heber College, Bharathidasan University, Trichirappalli, Tamil Nadu. India, 1988 – 1990

Interested areas of research
 
  • Submerged Anaerobic Membrane separation technologies for water and waste water treatment for zero liquid and solid discharge.
  • Bio-refinery producing biodiesel, bio-ethanol, biohydrogen and biomethane from Industrial and municipal organic solid and liquid wastes for Zero liquid Discharge, power generation (Waste into Wealth) and green house gas emission reduction.
  • Design, erection, commission, execution, operation maintenance and troubleshooting assessment of large scale and pilot scale biohydrogen and methane plants (UASB and CSTR reactors.
  • Tracer residence time distribution, rheology and Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) modeling detecting short circuiting and active/ dead zone predictions of anaerobic CSTRs
  • Atmospheric air pollution dispersion modeling and photochemical smog formation studies Environmental Impact Assessment, Environmental Management Plan and QMS.
  • Design and execution of conventional and advanced tannery effluent treatment systems using submerged anaerobic membrane bioreactor
  • Hybrid biological scrubber for H2S and CO2 removal from biogas for enriched methane content in biogas and better utilization of biogas through efficient bottling. Electricity generation using GENSET, or direct distribution.
  • Solid waste Heat and mass transfer and econometrics evaluations in biogas production, purifications and utilizations.
  • In-situ methane enrichment in anaerobic digesters using molecular microbial ecology and functional genomics.
  • Zero liquid discharge concept for tannery effluents through best RO reject management.
  • Reverse Osmosis Reject Management
Key Roles

I am employed as Principal Scientist (EII) in the Environmental Engineering Department of Central Leather Research Institute (Council for Scientific and Industrial Research), Adyar Chennai.20 India, leading a team of Scientists/ Researchers and carrying out research in the field of sequential production of bio-diesel, bioethanol, bio-hydrogen and biomethane from fat and protein rich solid and liquid wastes as a biorefinery through enzymatic transesterification, solventogenesis, hydrogenesis and methanogenesis respectively as an enzymatic biorefinery for CDM, high Carbon offsetting, and for better environmental protection.

The study on chemo-dynamics, microbial dynamics, and hydrodynamics of chemical and biological reactors of biorefinery is the prime focus of my detailed research

I have been responsible to deliver lectures in Wastewater Engineering and treatment and solid waste management for Leather industries to B.Tech and M. Tech. Environmental Engineering and Leather Technology students for Anna University, Chennai.

 

Overseas Invited Lectures Delivered

  • Bio-methanisation and Bio-hydrogenation- Research perspectives and reality for large scale plants, University of Southompton, UK
  • Fermentative Hydrogen and fuel cell from leather and municipal solid wastes, World Hydrogen Energy Congress, Brisbane, Australia, UK.

Employment History (Total Research, teaching and Consultancy experience = 23 years

Designation

Duration

Employer, Department/ Institute, Address

Nature of Research & Development duties performed

Junior Research Fellow

01-10-1990
tO
01-08-1992

The Registrar,
Department of Chemistry,

BHARATHIDASAN UNIVERSITY, Tiruchirapalli, Tamil Nadu, India 620 024

Kaveri River Water Quality Modeling
Point and non-point sources of
industrial pollution and source emission inventory survey on River Cauvery

Scientist B AND Scientist C

20-08-1992
to
 01-08-1999

The Director,
Dept of Environmental Technology,
CENTRAL ROAD RESEARCH INSTITUTE
(CRRI- CSIR), Mathura Road, New Delhi – 20.

  • URBAN AIR QUALITY DISPERSION AND MODELLING
  • Environmental Impact Assessment studies. 
  • Photochemical smog formation potential, tropospheric ozone studies in the urban atmosphere.

Scientist ‘EI’

 


Principal Scientist  

01-08–2002
to
30-08-2007


30-08-2007
to
till date

The Director,
Dept of Environmental Technology,

 

CENTRAL LEATHER RESEARCH INSTITUTE
, (CSIR) Adyar, Chennai 20.

  • Biomethanization of liquid and solid waste from tanneries. 
  • Performance evaluation of existing biomethanation plants. 
  • Design, commission, execution and performance evaluation of CETP and ETPs for tanneries.
  • Environmental Impact Assessment studies for industries
  • Teaching to undergraduate Engineering students of Anna University.
    Hybrid Bio-scrubber for Biogas purification

Commonwealth Fellow

01-12-2005
to
30-11-2009

Public Health and Environmental Engineering, School of Civil Engineering, UNIVERSITY OF LEEDS, LEEDS, UK

  • Biohydrogen and methane generation from leather solid wastes and MSW using acidogenic anaerobic CSTR
  • MBR for waste water treatment

Present and Previous Appointments

 Present Appointments
  • Principal Scientist , Environmental Engineering Department , Central Leather Research Institute (Council for Scientific and Industrial Research, Ministry of Scince and Technology, Government of India) Adyar, Chennai, India
  • Honorary Full time Faculty, Anna University, Center for Environmental Studies Chennai teaching 2 regular courses for undergraduate and Postgraduate Environmental Engineering students on Waste water Engineering, treatment and disposal and membrane separation processes

Previous Appointments

2005 - 2009 Commonwealth Fellow under DFID in University of Leeds (Schoolof Civil Engineering ), UK
1992 - 1999 Senior Scientist, Environmental Engineering Department, Central Road Research Institute,(Council for Scientific and Industrial Research) Mathura Road, New Delhi. 20

 

1990- 1992 Junior Research Fellow, Department of Chemistry, Bharadhidasan University. Trichy

Committees/Membership

Chairman BAT (Best Available Technologies entailing lower cost of   Environmental Protection, Central Pollution Control Board , GTZ and Ministry of Environment and Forests, Government of  India. New Delhi

Member Bureau of Indian Standards Committee on Selection of Small `and     Large and large Scale biogas equipments in Ministry of New and Renewable Energy, Government of India, CGO Complex, New Delhi.

Reviewer For eight International journals on Environmental Engineering

Member Indian National Bioenergy Board,  National Master Plan for  Bioenergy in India.

Member  Board of Studies   : Curriculum Development Board

(i) Center for Environmental Studies, Department of Civil Engineering, Anna University, Chennai.
(ii) Environmental Engineering, Department of Civil Engineering National Institute of Technology, Trichirappalli.
(iii)PG Research Department of   Environmental Sciences, Bishop Heber College, Bharathidasan University, Trichirappalli, Tamil Nadu India

Advisory Member Tamil Nadu Pollution Control Board for preparing the state level Environmental Policy.

Teaching Experience: Honorary Faculty to Anna University. - Subjects teaching/ taught:

  • Presently teaching the course on Membrane separation technologies for water and waste water treatment for (ZLD) M.E Environmental Engg full time /Part time students in Center for Environmental Studies, Anna University, Chennai
  • Solid and hazardous waste management course for (ZLD) M.E Environmental Management part time students in Center for Environmental Studies, Anna University, Chennai
  • Environmental Science and Engineering for Leather processing Anna University
  • Tannery waste management (Anna University)
  • Environmental Impact Assessment for leather industries.
  • Advanced waste water treatment (Course modules  in University of Leeds)
  • Atmospheric air pollution Dispersion modeling.
  • Research methodology for PhD students (University of Leeds).

Research thesis supervised for Masters Students

  • Master’s thesis on Environmental Engg. supervised   : 24 Thesis
  • PhD Students   Supervising currently : 5 Ongoing
  • ME., /M.Tec / M.Sc/B.Tech Dissertations ongoing   :    4
 

Training Programme organised

2014 March

IPHE-CLRI joined 8 National and 3rd International Conference cum Exhibition on emerging technologies in Environmental Engineering (ENVISION 2025) – Organising Secretary

2010-2013

Totally 8 National workshops have been organized as a chief organizer/ Faculty on “Planning and executing an international quality PhD thesis “ covered around 600 PhD students from IITs, NITs and CSIR labs

  2002 May

Training on Anaerobic digestion to municipal and industrial solid wastes to corporate engineers and scientist, Hyderabad, India

  2005 May Training on Anaerobic digestion from Leather and municipal solid wastes to Engineers and scientists in Government sectors

Overseas training participated

 Nov 2000 to Dec 2000

UNDP/GEF sponsored training on Anaerobic Digestion in European Countries.

 April 2006 Training on Molecular microbial ecology, PCR , FISH, DGGE, cloning and sequencing, from University of Newcastle, UK

Research and Consultancy Experiences

Key experiences over the past ten years include
  • Carried out research on hydrogen and methane recovery from the co-digested leather and municipal solid wastes using BMP30 BHP10 single and two stage anaerobic CSTR digesters, ammonia control strategies in AD.
  • Design of 14000 tonnes per annum capacity Anaerobic Digester Plant for Cambridge Recycling Services Ltd., (CRS) Cambridge, Ely.UK
  • Design, commission, execution and process performance evaluation of 104 L pilot Anaerobic Digestion plant for Cambridge Recycling Services Private Ltd, UK being operated now.
  • Design, commission, execution and process performance evaluation of  60 Metric Tonne per day capacity High –Rate Biomethanisation plant for power generation from slaughter house solid wastes, for  Alkabeer Exports Pvt Ltd, Hyderabad, India (Cost of the project: 6 million Indian Rupees)
  • Commission, execution and process performance evaluation of  5 Metric Tonne per day capacity High –Rate Biomethanisation plant for power generation from Leather solid wastes for  Visharam Tanner’s Environmental Control System (VISHTEC), Melvisharam, Tamil Nadu India.( Cost of the project: 2 Million Indian Rupees)
  • Design, commission, execution and process performance evaluation of  2 Metric Tonne per day capacity High –Rate Biomethanisation plant for power generation from Chromed Leather Shavings Waste, for  TATA Exports Private Ltd. Dewas, Indoor (near Mumbai) India (Cost of the project: 2 Million Indian Rupees)
  • In plant Process control and performance evaluation of Common Effluent Treatment Plant for tanneries in India includes  Rotating disc screen, primary clariflocculator, secondary biological treatment (activated sludge process), Up flow Anaerobic Sludge Blanket reactors, reverse osmosis and reed beds including Energy Audit (Cost of the project: 1 million Indian Rupees)
  • UNDP project on Urban Air Pollution Monitoring and modelling for the city of New Delhi with special emphasis on Transport pollution contribution on global climatic changes and photo-chemical smog formation potential. (Cost of the project:1.2 Million Indian Rupees)
  • Prefeasibility and Design of 30 tonnes per day capacity High Rate Biomethanisation plant for Poultry litter waste at Namakkal, for Subhashree Bioenergies Ltd., Tamil Nadu. India
  •  CDM project on High Rate Biomethanisation and power generation from Leather solid wastes.
  • Rapid Environmental Impact Assessment Consultancy study for Madras Refineries Ltd., Chennai at  Nagappatnam Refinaries Unit (Cost of the project: 1 Million Indian Rupees)

Few Selected Publications

1 Shanmugam P and Horan, N.J (2008) Simple and rapid methods to evaluate methane potential and biomass yield for a range of mixed solid wastes. Journal of Bioresource Technology 100, 471-474. (Elsevier Science Publications)
2 Shanmugam P and Horan N.J (2008) Optimisation of biogas production from leather fleshing waste by Co-digestion with MSW. Bioresource Technology.100:4117-4120 Elsevier Science publications.
3 Thirunavukkarasu P. Panneerselval A. Shanmugam P. and Seshadri S. (2007) Enumeration of Total heterotrophic and proteolytic bacterial populations from the Biological effluent treatment plant of tanneries Asian Journal of Biotechnology, microbiology, and Environmental Sciences 9 (1) 181-186
4 Singh,A., Sarin, S.M., Shanmugam.P., Sharma,N., Attri,A.K. and Jain,V.K (1997) Ozone distribution in the urban environment of Delhi during winter months, Atmospheric Environment, Vol.31, No.20, pp.3421-3427, (Pergamon PressElsevier Science Publication, UK).
5 Govinda samy, P. Madhavan S.D, Revathi S and Shanmugam P (2006) Performance evaluation of common effluent treatment plant for tanneries at Pallavaram Common Effluent Treatment Plant. Journal of Environmental science and engineering.Vol.48(3), 213 – 220
6 Singh, A., Shanmugam.P., Sharma,N., Shukla,A., and Sarin,S,M (1998) Diurnal variation of pollutants in the urban atmosphere of Delhi during winter months, Indian Journal of Environmental Protection, Vol.18(2), pp.115-122, 1997 (Kalpana Publication, India). 
7 Sarin,S.M., Suri,B.L., Singh,A., Sharma,N., Shanmugam.P., and  Sharma.,(1999) Critical appraisal of efficacy and financial viability of existing vehicular pollution checking system in Delhi, Indian Journal of Environmental Management, Vol.26(14), (NEERI Publication. India).
8 Shanmugam P and Horan.N.J (2006) Biomethanisation technologies – An   operational experience on three onsite biogas plants and research perspectives”, paper presented on 11th European Biosolids and Organic resources conferences organized by Aqua Enviro, Charted Institution of Water and Environmental Management (CIWEM), Wakefield .UK January 2007
9 Shanmugam. P and Horan N.J. (2007) Role of hydrogenase on anaerobic solventogenesis, hydrogenesis and methanogenesis producing ethanol, CH4, and H2,  from organic solid wastes - Review and research perspectives, Proceedings on 8th International Conference on Hydrogenase for Hydrogen production Colorado, USA, Aug 4 -10,2007
10 Shanmugam. P and Horan N.J. (2008) Effect of C:N ratio, and OLR on fermentative H2 production from leather and municipal solid wastes using batch and CSTR reactors, Proceedings pages, 8th World Hydrogen Energy Conference, Brisbane, Australia. June 2008 funded by Royal Academy of Engineering. London
11 Shanmugam P and Horan N.J (2006) Biohydrogen and methane gas recovery from solid wastes to generate power and reduce greenhouse gas emission using two- stage anaerobic co-digestion”. Presented on International Water Works Association (IWA) Conference at University of Bath UK.
12 Shanmugam P and Horan N J (2010) Optimization of sequential hydrogen and methane production from leather fleshing co-digested with MSW using batch single and two stage anaerobic digesters, Bioresource Technology (under process)
13 Shanmugam P and Horan N.J (2010) Mixing optimization through RTD and rheological properties of acidogenic and methanogenic anaerobic digesters producing hydrogen and methane from the co-digestion of leather fleshing and MSW , Water Research (under process).
14 Shanmugam P and Horan N J. (2010) Bio-kinetic design constant estimations through ATP measurements for two-stage high rate anaerobic digesters producing hydrogen and methane from leather fleshing and MSW- An alternative to the traditional method. Water Research (Under process)
15 Shanmugam P and Horan N.J (2009) Simple and rapid methods to estimate biochemical methane (BMP) and hydrogen (BHP) potential of co-digested industrial organic solid wastes at 14th European Biosolids and organic resources conference and exhibition Leeds, UK 9th 14 Nov 2009, . 
16 Mohan S. Shanmugam .P Rajamani S. Ramanujam.R.A., (2003) Biotechnological prospects in solid and liquid waste management through Biomethanation processes , International conference on Biological solid and liquid waste management , Regional Research Laboratory (CSIR) , Trivandrum, India. Proceedings pages 140-148
17 Ramanujam.R.A., Shanmugam .P., Ganesh ,R.,Pulavendren ,S.(2001) Biomethanation- a viable solution for the sustainable solid waste management in tanneries and treatment plant sludge to generate Power , Leather Research Industry Get to gether Conference LERIG 2002.
18 Ramanujam,R.A., Shanmugam,P. and Ganesh,R (2000) Biomethanation of tannery fleshing and sludge to generate power, Paper presented in Conference on Bioenergy from Urban and Industrial Solid Waste organized by Ministry of Non-conventional Energy Sources, Govt of India, March 2001. 
19 Shanmugam.P., Sarin,S.M., Singh ,A., Sharma,N., Sharma,K.and (2001) Evaluation of Emission Characteristics and compliance of emission standards for In-Use Petrol Driven Vehicles in Delhi Indian Journal of Environmental Health 43 (1): 1-20 ( NEERI. Publication India)
20 Ramanujam, R.A., Shanmugam, P., and Ganesh,R (2001) Energy recovery from abattoir waste – A reality, Paper presented in a conference on “Energy from Municipal and industrial waste” at Anna University, Chennai, November 2000.
21 Shanmugam.P,., Ramanujam R..A, Mohan S (2002) High Rate Biomethanation and the Technological amenability for the sustainable solid waste management in Industries , Conference on Advanced Anaerobic technologies, Pondichery Engineering College, Pondichery Dec 20 –Dec 31 . AICTE sponsored Project.
22 Ramanujam, R.A., Shanmugam , P., Ganesh,R., Thangamani ,A., Pulavendren .S., and Ramasami .T (2002) Biomethanation –Technological amenability for sustainable solid waste management in tanneries ,Leather Research and Industry Get To Gether 2002, CLRI, Chennai ,India. Proceedings Page Numbers 11-16.
23 Shanmugam P.,Sarin,S.M.,Singh,A., Sharma,N. and Satyakumar, J,R (1998) Photochemical smog formation potential in an urban atmosphere, Paper presented in a conference on “Environment in the Third world, Critical challenges”, organized by the Academy of Third World, Jamia Millia Islamica, New Delhi, March 8 – 9, 1995.
24 Sarin,S.M., singh,A., Shanmugam,P., Sharma, N. and Satyakumar,J.R (1998) Air pollution due to vehicular traffic in Delhi, Paper presented in a conference on “Environment in the Third World, Critical challenges”, organized by the Academy of Third World, Jamia Millia Islamica, New Delhi, March 8 – 9, 1995
25 Shanmugam. P and Shanthi .M (2011). Process optimization of biogas production for the co-digestion of poultry waste, cow-dung and water hyacinth using mesophilic anaerobic batch reactor. Proceedings on  International Conference on “Thermal Energy and Environment (INCOTEE 2011) 139.
26 Shanmugam. P and Shanthi.M (2011). Effect of pH on biogas production from the codigestion of poultry waste, cowdung and water hyacinth using mesophilic anaerobic batch reactor. Proceedings on international conference on Biotechnology and Global warming (ICBGW 2011). (Received best paper award)
27 Shanmugam .P and Saranya.R (2011). Production of biogas using leather fleshing and treatment plant sludges. Proceedings on International Conference on “Thermal Energy and Environment (INCOTEE 2011)64 11)64
28 Shanmugam. P and Nishanthi.R (2011).  Production of bio-ethanol from leather solid waste and treatment plant sludges. Proceedings on International Conference on “Thermal Energy and Environment (INCOTEE 2011) 68.
29 Ian Burke, Shanmugam Palani, Cindy Lockwood, David Ashley, Doug Stewart(2011).Biogeochemical reduction process in a hyper-alkaline affected leachate soil profile . Geomicrobiology Journal
30 P.Shanmugam , K.Anand, S.Laximipriya, M.Sivakumar(2010). Study on Soil Bio-Remediation for Preventing Ground water Contamination of Chromium Bearing Leather Processing Waste Dumping Sites. DOI No. 978-1-4244-9182-7/10/IEEE
31 Shanmugam. P and Shanthi .M (2011). Process optimization of biogas production for the co-digestion of poultry waste, cow-dung and water hyacinth using mesophilic anaerobic batch reactor. Proceedings on  International Conference on “Thermal Energy and Environment (INCOTEE 2011) 139.
32 Shanmugam. P and Shanthi.M (2011). Effect of pH on biogas production from the codigestion of poultry waste, cowdung and water hyacinth using mesophilic anaerobic batch reactor. Proceedings on international conference on Biotechnology and Global warming (ICBGW 2011). (Received best paper award)
33 Shanmugam .P and Saranya.R (2011). Production of biogas using leather fleshing and treatment plant sludges. Proceedings on International Conference on “Thermal Energy and Environment (INCOTEE 2011)64.
34 Shanmugam. P and Nishanthi.R (2011).  Production of bio-ethanol from leather solid waste and  treatment plant sludges. Proceedings on International Conference on “Thermal Energy and        Environment (INCOTEE 2011) 68
35 Ashwini, Rajagopalan V. Kanthasamy. P.and Shanmugam P. (2012) Sequential production of Biohydrogen and methane from the residual waste after bio-diesel and bioethanol recovery using leather fleshing waste material. National conference on Chemical Engineering Processes in Environmental Applications (CETEA)  (Best Poster award received ), Organized by Anna university, Chennai
36 Dhanya muralidharan , Ilavarasan, N, Kanthasamy P. and Shanmugam P (2012) Sequential production of bio-diesel by transesterification and bioethanol from leather industry fleshings through anaerobic fermentation  of waste. National conference on Chemical Engineering Processes in Environmental Applications (CETEA), Organized by Anna University, Chennai.
37 Sarat Chandraa. T, Malika., S.N.. Suvidhaa. G, Padmerec. M.L. and Shanmugam.P and S.N. Mudliar  (2014) Wet air oxidation pretreatment of biomethanated distillery effluent: Mapping pretreatment efficiency in terms color, toxicity reduction and biogas generation, Bioresource Technology...Vol: 158,Pages 135-140
38 Sugany T., Pandiarajan J., Arunprasanna V., Shanmugam P and Krishnan M (2013) Census of cultivable bacterial community in common effluent treatment plant (CETP) of tannery discharge and computational scrutiny on their leading residents. Jl of Bioinformation. Vol 9(2) 101-105
39 Shanmugam. P and Shanthi .M (2011). Process optimization of biogas production for the co-digestion of poultry waste, cow-dung and water hyacinth using mesophilic anaerobic batch reactor. Proceedings on International Conference on “Thermal Energy and Environment (INCOTEE 2011) 139.
40 Ashwini, Rajagopalan V. Kanthasamy. P.and Shanmugam P. (2012) Sequential production of Biohydrogen and methane from the residual waste after bio-diesel and bioethanol recovery using leather fleshing waste material. National conference on Chemical Engineering Processes in Environmental Applications (CETEA) (Best Poster award received ), Organized by Anna university, Chennai

Most Significant Contributions

1 Air Pollution Control : ¨Urban Photochemical smog formation potential was predicted for New Delhi, during the winter months of 1996 with an ambient air quality monitoring of surface O3, NOx, PAN, TSPM, Respirable suspended particulate matter (RSPM), PM10, PM100, vehicular source (strength) emission monitoring together with micro- meteorological parameters, surface ozone, NOx , PAN, solar flux and solar day data. Published in the Elsevier journal of “Atmospheric Environment” Part B Urban Atmosphere.
2 Solid waste management : BMP in to SMP: An alternative method of Stoichiometric methane potential (SMP) based on empirical formulae of different solid wastes developed in this work replaced the traditional time consuming BMP method of solid waste. This was standardized, calibrated and confirmed with experimental evidence and made as a simple protocol for assessing the methane potential of solid wastes for AD.
3 Industrial Effluent treatment : CSTR into CSTD: Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP) based bio kinetic design constant was developed for anaerobic digestion of solid wastes. (Published paper enclosed). This has replaced the traditional VSS based assessment of biomass inside the anaerobic digester and paved a path to rename the liquid waste anaerobic system as “anaerobic CSTR and solid waste anaerobic system as “anaerobic CSTD”.
4 Bioenergy : SLAMBI Anaerobic digester gas mixing was developed and patented as an efficient biogas mixing technology for Gas Liquid and solid separation inside the digester as a replacement for expensive impeller based sensing potential.
5 Rheology and Computational Fluid Dynamics of Anaerobic digesters : The residence time distribution analysis at various rheology, OLR, HRT and biokinetics have been experimented and Masters Degree thesis was supervised on “ Multiphase flow gas mixing modeling of anaerobic digesters” work carried out by Mrs Latha Shanmugam for her Masters Degree on CFD in university of Leeds UK.
6 “Lab in to Land for Waste into Wealth” Technology Design, commission, execution and process performance evaluation and “ Implemented five large scale Biogas in to power from organic solid wastes technologies (Worth Rs 24.Crores) for chromed leather shavings waste at TATA Company Dewas, (MP), slaughter house solid waste at Hind Agro Industries, Aligargh (UP)., Slaughter house solid waste at Alkabeer Exports Pvt Ltd (Hyderabad (AP) , vegetable market complex waste at Koyambedu vegetable market Complex in Koyambedu Chennai (TN) and for leather fleshing and treatment plant sludge at Visharam Tanners Envirocontrol system , Melvishjaram, Velloore (TN) are being operated successfully. These projects were funded by UNDP/GEF through Ministry of New and Renewable Energy, GOVT of India. Melvisharam plant was first of its kind in India for leather solid wastes.
7 The bio diesel production technology has been developed for leather waste and slaughter house solid waste material used in Internal Combustion Engine tested with Director CLRI’s Car Patented.
8 Bio refinery technology producing Bio diesel, bio-ethanol, Bio hydrogen and Biomethane sequentially has been developed for leather and slaughter house solid waste and Ministry of Environment and Forests Committee evaluated and sanctioned a field based demonstration of technology project (for Rs 1.2 Crore) to CSIR-CLRI letter enclosed.( MoEF. GoI. Project (Rs 1.2 Crore) Sanction letter enclosed). Many private industries have signed an MoU to build Bio-refinery for six industries onsite as demonstration plant
9 Design of 14000 tons per annum capacity Anaerobic Digester Plant for Cambridge Recycling Services Ltd., (CRS) Cambridge, Ely.UK
10 Design, commission, execution and process performance evaluation of 104 L pilot Anaerobic Digestion plant for Cambridge Recycling Services Private Ltd, UK being operated now.
11 Environmental auditing through: Preparing chemical balance sheet water balance sheet, energy balance sheet and cost balance sheet for an industry for source emission control of pollutants.
12 Common Effluent Treatment Plant Process and Energy Audit for In plant Process control and performance evaluation of Common Effluent Treatment Plant for tanneries in India includes Rotating disc screen, primary clariflocculator, secondary biological treatment (activated sludge process), Up flow Anaerobic Sludge Blanket reactors, reverse osmosis and reed beds including Energy Audit (Cost of the project: 1 million Indian Rupees).
13 Transport Pollution contribution on climate change :UNDP project on Urban Air Pollution Monitoring and modeling for the city of New Delhi with special emphasis on Transport pollution contribution on global climatic changes and photo-chemical smog formation potential. (Cost of the project:1.2 Million Indian Rupees)
14 Prefeasibility and Design of 30 tonnes per day capacity High Rate Biomethanisation plant for Poultry litter waste at Namakkal, for Subhashree Bioenergies Ltd., Tamil Nadu. India.CDM project on High Rate Biomethanisation and power generation from Leather solid wastes.
15 Completed many Rapid Environmental Impact Assessment Consultancy study includes Madras Refineries Ltd., Chennai at Nagappatnam Refinaries Unit (Cost of the project: 1 Million Indian Rupees).

Awards

  • Peter Wilson award offered by British National Fuels Ltd.
  • Member Charted Institution of Waste Management (CIWM), UK
  • Awarded Commonwealth Fellowship for Ph.D by British Council UK - 2005.
  • Awarded UNDP/GEF fellowship for Anaerobic Digestion training in European Countries during  2000
  • Royal Academy of Engineering, UK. International conference grand awarded for WHEC, Australia.
  • Two Best Research paper award from the international conference on aerospace and climate change, Chennai.
 

Overseas visit undertaken for research ,academic and consultancy purposes:

S.No Period of Visit Institute / Country visited Purpose of visit
From To
(i)
01-12-2005
30-11-2009
UNIVERSITY OF LEEDS, United Kingdom

To obtain PhD under Common wealth Fellowship

(ii)
Nov 2000
Dec 2000

UNDP/GEF sponsored training on Anaerobic Digestion in European Countries
European Countries training Programme on Anaerobc Digestion .
(iii)
April 2006
Aug 2007
University of Newcastle, UK
Training on Molecular microbial ecology, PCR FISH, DGGE, cloning and sequencing
(iv)
Aug 2007
Sep 2007

US national Renewable Energy
Laboratory Colorado Denver,Colarodo
Bio hydrogen training
(v)
Nov 2008
Dec 2008

International Hydrogen Energy
Association Brisbane, Australia

WORLD HYDROGEN ENERGY CONGRESS
         

 DETAILS OF LARGE SCALE BIOGAS PLANTS IMPLEMENTED AS A CORE MEMBER OF THE TEAM IN CLRI, Chennai.

Field level Biogas Plants Title, solid wastes capacity, Location in India Biogas and Power generation capacity  Photos  of operating Biogas plants

2 Tones Per Day Capacity  Anaerobic Digestion  Plant To Generate Biogas And Power From The Gelatinized Chromed Leather Shavings Waste ” For Tata Company Dewas. (Mp) –India

Cap. of Digester. : 180 m3 CLSW hand cap : 2TPD Biogas Prod.Cap : 200 m3/d Energy Gen Cap. : 400 kWh/D Rev Equiv of S.W: Rs460/t Capital Inv. :Rs 1.1 Crore
5 Tones Per Day Capacity Anaerobic Digestion Plant For Co-Digesting Tannery Fleshing And Cetp Sludge To Generate Biogas And Electricity” For Vishtec, Melvisharam, Arcot District, (Tn)- India Cap of Digester : 130 m3 S. W feed Cap : 5TPD Biogas genCap : 320 m3/d Energy Gen Cap :1200 kWh/d App Rev. : Rs 400/ Tof S.W Capital Inv : Rs 1.3 Crore
60 Tones Per Day Capacity Anaerobic Digestion Plant To Generate Biogas And Power From The Slaughterhouse Solid Waste” For Alkabeer Exports Private Ltd Rudraram, Hyderabad. India

Cap. of Digester.   : 2200 m3
S.W  hand cap   : 60TONES/D
Biogas Prod cap: 2400 m3/d
Energy Gen Cap.: 4800 kWh/D
Rev   Equiv  of S.W: Rs 500/t

30 Metric Ton Per Day Biomethanisation Plant For Power Generation And Climate Change Reduction (Cdm) Using Vegetable Market Complex Waste At Koyambedu Vegetable Market , Chennai , (Tn) - Project Implemented By Csir- Clri, Chennai.

capacity of the vegetable waste used: 30tonns per day
Capacity of the anaerobic digester: 2200 m3
Biogas Prod cap: 2500 Nm m3 /day
Energy Gen Cap : 0.3 MW
Revenue generation from this technology : INR 25,000/ day
Capital investment made for demonstration  : INR 4.0 Crore
Payback period of this  technology: 5 years
CO2 mitigating potential (CDM): 900Tonns per annum

52 Metric Ton Per Day Biomethanisation Plant For Power Generation And Climate Change Reduction (Cdm) Using Slaughter Hose Solid Waste At Hind Agro Industries Pvt Ltd Aligargh (Up) Project Implemented By Csir-Clri, Chennai..

capacity of the slaughter house waste: 52tonns per day
Capacity of the anaerobic digester: 2200 m3
Biogas Prod cap: 5800 Nm m3 /day
Energy Gen Cap : 0.4 MW
Revenue generation from this technology : INR 50,000/ day
Capital investment made for demonstration  : INR 6.0 Crore
Payback period of this  technology: 5 years
CO2 mitigating potential (CDM): 2230 Tons per annum